- Provide new definitions of “firearm frame or receiver” and “frame or receiver”
Amend the definition of:
- “firearm” to clarify when a firearm parts kit is considered a “firearm,” and
- “gunsmith” to clarify the meaning of that term and to explain that gunsmiths may be licensed solely to mark firearms for unlicensed persons.
Provide definitions for:
- “complete weapon,”
- “complete muffler or silencer device,”
- “privately made firearm (PMF),” and
- “readily” for purposes of clarity given advancements in firearms technology.
- Provide a definition of “importer’s or manufacturer’s serial number”
- Provide a deadline for marking firearms manufactured.
- Clarify marking requirements for firearm mufflers and silencers.
- Amend the format for records of manufacture/acquisition and disposition by manufacturers and importers.
- Amend the time period records must be retained at the licensed premises.
More seriously, I think the rules are arbitrary and don't really define the things they claim to define. They clarify nothing. They're saying, more than ever, "whatever we say is a firearm is" and "whatever we say is readily converted is."
“More than one externally visible part may house or hold a fire control component on a particular firearm, such as with a split or modular frame or receiver. Under these circumstances, ATF may determine whether a specific part or parts of the weapon is the frame or receiver, which may include an internal frame or chassis at least partially exposed to the exterior to allow identification.”Got that? Any and all parts visible from the outside of the gun which may "house or hold" a fire control component is a gun. ATF alone may determine whether any part or parts of the weapon may be frame or receiver, and the only thing they seem to say is not a frame or receiver is something only visible by disassembling the gun. The direct reference to a "split or modular frame or receiver" is apparently trying to fix the problem that their definition of a receiver has been ruled by judges as not applying to an AR-15. This opens the door to them declaring that AR upper receivers are guns and require a background check. Which further opens the door to one upper and one lower being associated with each other and You Shall Not swap different uppers onto your lower receiver. You must buy both.
Note that in the webpage description on the ATF web page, there is no definition provided for the statement above: “readily” for purposes of clarity given advancements in firearms technology. The previously discussed version of "readily" included eight hours work in a well-equipped machine shop, which is beyond absurd. That means blocks of aluminum bar stock are readily converted guns. I can't see how that could stand a challenge. In searching the text of the regulations (pdf here), I see no definition of "readily be converted" or "readily be completed." It's all just jargon that reduces to "when we say it is." On page 108 of 115 there is a list of eight things that go into consideration of "readily" but offers no clues to what they consider readily or not readily.
I understand that they want it to be loosely worded enough that they have the ultimate power of life or death over anyone who wants to make their own guns, but being that loose - just creating the term without defining it precisely - is just wrong. This is the way it has always been, and their line about clarifying the term is bullshit.
The fine folks at 80% arms list this 0% AR-15 lower receiver - I'm guessing that's done as a joke. That said, at $28.99 (today) they're cheaper than Online Metals, who sells to us low quantity buyers.